With the developing technology, the projects have been moved from paper sheet media to digital media, and this environment has brought various opportunities to project development methods by providing various possibilities for designing, updating and storing data.
Intersection types are classified according to the type of intersection of road users. There are two types intersections “Vehicle Intersections” and “Pedestrian Intersections”.
Other names of the smart intersection are “Adaptive intersection”, “dynamic intersection”, “intersection with camera”, “sensor intersection” , “smart traffic management system”, “fully adaptive traffic management system” and its basic definition is ; Detecting vehicle densities in all directions using vehicle counting cameras or vehicle counting sensors.
Smart City is defined as “More livable and sustainable cities that are implemented through inter-stakeholder collaboration, using new technologies and innovative approaches, justified based on data and expertise, and providing solutions that add value to life by anticipating future problems and needs
The intersection must be examined and analyzed before the establishment of signaling facilities requiring long-term investment and maintenance
To prevent overloading in a certain parts of the traffic network signaling system, it can be installed to guide or regulate the flow rate of the vehicle and direct the blockage in the suitable places.
If accidents occurring by means of the signaling installation and the measures taken to prevent such accidents (for example, speed restrictions, ban on passage or structural access assistance for cyclists and pedestrians) are ineffective the following cases can be applied for this situations
Coordinated signaling control systems are systems where different approaches and strategies can be applied in the management of intersections at close distances, which can be called as arterial management
Signaling systems are generally installed at intersections, entry and exit of connection roads and pedestrian crossings without intersection
Traffic actuated signalization systems are developed to respond variable traffic demands. Traffic actuated or dynamic traffic management systems are needed for the following reasons